This study explored the societal attitudes and values in Switzerland with regard to extreme preterm infants.
A nationwide trilingual telephone survey was conducted in the French, German and Italian speaking regions of Switzerland to explore the general population's attitudes and values with regard to extreme prematurity.
Of the 5,112 people contacted, 1,210 (23.7%) participated. Most participants (77.8%) highlighted their strong preference for shared decision-making and 64.6% said that if there was dissent then the parents should have the final word. Overall, our logistic regression model showed that regional differences were the most significant factors influencing decision-making.
The majority of the Swiss population clearly favoured shared decision-making. The context of socio-cultural demographics, especially the linguistic region in which the decision-making took place, strongly influenced attitudes toward extreme prematurity and decision-making.