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Institute of Biomedical Ethics and History of Medicine (IBME)

Birth weight, malnutrition and kidney-assocaited outcomes - a global concern

This review highlights the impact of developmental programming on later-life risk of high blood pressure and kidney disease.

Maternal health, low birth weight, prematurity and rapid catch-up growth in childhood are risk factors for kidney disease and reflect the importance of early nutrition as a potential modulator of this disease risk.

The global prevalence of low birth weight, prematurity and commonnutrition deficiencies are discussed to highlight the relevance of these conditions as risk factors for non-commmunicable diseases world-wide and to suggest that optimisation of maternal, fetal and child health would likely have a long-term impact on reducing the global epidemic of non-communicable diseases. Link