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Institute of Biomedical Ethics and History of Medicine (IBME) Psychiatric and Psychotherapy Ethics (PAPE) Research Group

Telepsychiatry and online psychotherapy


Short description

The provision of psychiatric or psychotherapeutic treatment over distance using technology has become an important part of mental health care provision. There was already a growing market of telepsychiatry and online psychotherapy before the era of SARS-COV-2 but its use has significantly increased in 2020. Particularly in times of a pandemic, those new treatment modes may offer a means of preventing service undersupply for patients with a mental disorder. However, from an ethical point of view, risks and benefits need to be weighed and known by service providers whether they themselves practice online or not.

Collaboratoring universities – persons

  • Prof. John Z. Sadler, MD - UT Southwestern, Dallas, Texas

Involved PAPE group researchers

Julia Stoll, Manuel Trachsel


  • Stoll, J., Sadler, J. Z, & Trachsel, M. (2020). The ethical use of telepsychiatry in the COVID-19 pandemic. Frontiers in Psychiatry, 1:665.
  • Stoll, J., Müller, J. A., & Trachsel, M. (2020). Ethical Issues in Online Psychotherapy: A Narrative Review. Frontiers in Psychiatry, 10:993.
  • Stoll, J., & Trachsel, M. (2019). Ethical aspects of online psychotherapy. In M. Trachsel, S. Tekin, J. Gaab, N. Biller-Andorno, & J. S. Sadler (Eds.). The Oxford Handbook of Psychotherapy Ethics. Oxford, Oxford University Press.